Guangzhou International Finance Center Download PDF


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Height: Occupied
415.1 m / 1,362 ft
 
Height: To Tip
438.6 m / 1,439 ft
Height: Architectural
438.6 m / 1,439 ft
 
Guangzhou International Finance Center Outline
Height: Observatory
415.1 m / 1,362 ft
Height: Helipad
437.6 m / 1,436 ft
Floors Above Ground
103
Floors Below Ground
4
# of Elevators
71
Top Elevator Speed
8 m/s
Tower GFA
250,095 m² / 2,692,000 ft²
# of Hotel Rooms
374
# of Parking Spaces
1,740

Facts

Official Name Guangzhou International Finance Center
Other Names Guangzhou IFC, West Tower
Structure Type Building
Status Completed
Country China
City Guangzhou
Street Address & Map 5 Zhujiang Avenue West
Building Function hotel / office
Structural Material composite
Proposed 2004
Construction Start 2006
Completion 2010
Official Website Guangzhou International Finance Center
Rankings Click arrows to view the next taller/shorter buildings
Global Ranking #12 Tallest in the World
Regional Ranking #8 Tallest in Asia
National Ranking #5 Tallest in China
City Ranking #1 Tallest in Guangzhou

Companies Involved

Owner/Developer Yue Xiu Group
Architect
Design Wilkinson Eyre
Architect of Record Architecture Design Institute of South China University of Technology
Structural Engineer
Design Architecture Design Institute of South China University of Technology; Arup
MEP Engineer
Design J. Roger Preston Group
Main Contractor China State Construction Engineering Corporation; Guangzhou Municipal Construction Group JV
Other Consultant
• Acoustics Campbell Shillinglaw Lau Ltd
• Landscape Architecture Design Institute of South China University of Technology; Aspect Studios
• Lighting Hirsch Bedner Associates
• Property Management Jones Lang LaSalle, Inc.
• Quantity Surveyor WT Partnership
Material Supplier
• Elevator Otis Elevator Company
• Sealants Dow Corning Corporation

About Guangzhou International Finance Center

Guangzhou International Finance Center is a landmark tower which defines the emerging international strength of China’s third city and serves as a landmark for Guangzhou Zhujiang New Town’s main axis, which links the commercial district in the north with the Pearl River to the south. At the time of its completion it was the fourth tallest building in China and the ninth tallest building in the world. Its elegant simplicity belies the complex geometry of form and structure which makes it possible. Each of the three façades of the curved triangular plan are also curved in section with a radius of 5.1km set out asymmetrically with the widest point at a third of the height, tapering to its narrowest point at the top. There is no spire, and the three curved façades continue up beyond the highest floor and, in some views, seems to disappear to infinity. The highest point is a helicopter landing pad which hovers over the central atrium just overhanging the perimeter cladding. The inside of this atrium, with its crystalline geometry, sparkles with abundant daylight and is taller than the height of London’s St Paul’s Cathedral, including its dome.

Its rounded triangular plan responds to the need for efficient internal space layouts and excellent environmental performance. The tower has a mixture of uses including office space, a luxury hotel and a top floor observation area. Office floors occupy levels 2 through 67 and a Four Seasons hotel is on levels 67 through 103. The tower has a triple height 12 m (39 ft) high entrance lobby which rings the base of the tower and allows secure access to the building’s double decker shuttles and standard lift groupings. The main lobby also connects via escalators to a secondary office lobby located at the lower basement level, which in turn allows access to below ground retail and the MTR station. A further dedicated lobby and set down has been formed at ground level for the hotel. At ground level, the tower connects with a substantial podium complex containing a retail mall, conference center and serviced apartments. The tower and podium connect to a large retail mall and transport hub below ground, with a retail loop encouraging connections underneath a landscaped central axis.

The building utilizes the world’s tallest constructed diagrid structure which is clearly expressed though the building’s façade and gives the building considerable character. The diagrid members are formed from concrete filled steel tubes which provide both good stiffness and fire protection to the structure. However, two hour fire protection was still required in order to meet codes and this was trowel applied directly to the building’s primary structure. The tubular diagrid structure “nodes-out” every 12 stories to form 54 m (177 ft) high giant steel diamonds. At the base of the tower the structural members are 1800 mm (70 in) in diameter and reduce in size up the building to 900 mm (35 in) at the top of the building.

The structural core takes much of the gravity load of the building’s floors and is linked back to the diagrid perimeter structure via floor beams to create a stiff “tube-within-a-tube” structural system. The inherent stiffness in the structure minimizes steel tonnage while providing inherent stiffness and resistance to acceleration and sway, thereby maintaining high comfort levels for the building’s occupants. This stiffness and resistance to acceleration means that no damping of the structure is required.

The building has been designed to be a low carbon and sustainable building. The shape of the building has been designed to reduce the effects of wind, thereby reducing the necessary size and weight of the structure. In addition to fundamental passive measures such as orientation, sustainable building systems have been incorporated into the design which address issues such as comfort, maintenance and cost while paying due regard to environmental sustainability and energy conservation. These include: solar thermal hot water; air-side energy recovery; heat recovery chiller; ice storage system; desiccant dehumidification; high-rise air discharge pressure CFD analysis; free cooling system; and variable air volume.

CTBUH Initiatives

CTBUH Releases Tallest Buildings Completed in 2010
Dec 2010 – CTBUH Journal Paper

Videos

Session 10: Developing High-Rise Living in the European Context
10 Jun 2013 – Angela Brady, Harry Handelsman, John Mizon & Paul Monaghan

Guangzhou Finance Centre: an Elegant Simplicity of Form
19 Sep 2012 – Chris Wilkinson, Wilkinson Eyre Architects

Interview: Building Green Tall and Livability
19 Sep 2012 – Chris Wilkinson, Wilkinson Eyre Architects

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Videos Related to Guangzhou International Finance Center

Videos Related to Guangzhou International Finance Center

Session 10: Developing High-Rise Living in the European Context
10 Jun 2013 – Presentation at CTBUH 2013 London Conference; Angela Brady, Harry Handelsman, John Mizon & Paul Monaghan
An increase in high-rise living in traditionally commerce-focused urban centers has been a key urban trend in cities across the entire globe. This has great possible…
Guangzhou Finance Centre: an Elegant Simplicity of Form
19 Sep 2012 – Presentation at CTBUH 2012 9th World Congress, Shanghai; Chris Wilkinson, Wilkinson Eyre Architects
When a tower rises above the cityscape, it has a responsibility to make a positive contribution and a grouping of towers should make a visually acceptable composition.…
Interview: Building Green Tall and Livability
19 Sep 2012 – 2012 Shanghai Congress Interviews; Chris Wilkinson, Wilkinson Eyre Architects
Chris Wilkinson of Wilkinson Eyre Architects is interviewed by Jeff Herzer during the 2012 CTBUH Shanghai Congress at the Jin Mao, Shanghai. Chris talks about strides in…
Best Tall Building Asia & Australasia: Guangzhou IFC: Towards An Elegant Simplicity
2 Nov 2011 – CTBUH "10th Annual Awards"; Chris Wilkinson, Wilkinson Eyre Architects; Michael Kwok, Arup
The tallest of the four regional winners this year at 440 meters, the Guangzhou International Finance Center utilizes the world’s tallest constructed diagrid structure,…
CTBUH 10th Annual Awards Dinner
2 Nov 2011 – CTBUH "10th Annual Awards"; Dinner 2011
The 10th Annual Awards Ceremony & Dinner was held in Mies van der Rohe’s iconic Crown Hall, on the Illinois Institute of Technology campus, Chicago. The 2011 “Best Tall…
Interview: Guangzhou IFC
2 Nov 2011 – 2011 Awards Ceremony/Symposium Interviews; Chris Wilkinson & Dominic Bettison, Wilkinson Eyre Architects; Michael Kwok & Craig Gibbons, Arup
Chris Wilkinson & Dominic Bettison of Wilkinson Eyre Architects, Michael Kwok & Craig Gibbons of Arup are interviewed by Jeff Herzer during the 2011 CTBUH Awards…
Nonlinear Dynamic Earthquake Analysis of Skyscrapers
4 Mar 2008 – Presentation at CTBUH 2008 8th World Congress, Dubai; Sam Lee, Guangzhou Scientific Computing Consultants
Sam Lee, of Guangzhou Scientific Computing Consultants, presented a solution on the ABAQUS platform at the CTBUH 8th World Congress in Dubai by selecting the right…

Browse hundreds of other videos from Council events including conferences and interviews with prominent tall building professionals in the Video Library

Research Papers

Highest Helipads
Jun 2014 – CTBUH Journal, 2014 Issue II

Tall Buildings in Numbers: The Tallest 15 Cities in China
Sep 2012 – CTBUH Journal, 2012 Issue III

Guangzhou Finance Centre: An Elegant Simplicity of Form
Sep 2012 – CTBUH 2012 9th World Congress, Shanghai

More Papers

Papers Related to Guangzhou International Finance Center

Papers Related to Guangzhou International Finance Center

Highest Helipads
Jun 2014 – CTBUH Journal, 2014 Issue II; CTBUH Research
In this installment of Tall Buildings in Numbers, CTBUH considers how helipads are used on skyscrapers, and which are the highest in the world. The results were somewhat…
Tall Buildings in Numbers: The Tallest 15 Cities in China
Sep 2012 – CTBUH Journal, 2012 Issue III; CTBUH Research
With over 1.3 billion citizens and a rapidly urbanizing population, China is developing tall buildings more than any other country globally. Currently it has 239…
Guangzhou Finance Centre: An Elegant Simplicity of Form
Sep 2012 – CTBUH 2012 9th World Congress, Shanghai; Chris Wilkinson, Wilkinson Eyre Architects Ltd
The design for the Guangzhou International Finance Centre makes the case for a high rise aesthetic that aims for an elegant simplicity, but expresses the function,…
Tallest Buildings Completed in 2010
Dec 2010 – CTBUH Journal, 2011 Issue I; CTBUH Research
In a year dominated by news coverage of the new “World’s Tallest Building” – Burj Khalifa, Dubai – one may be surprised to learn that, besides being the year in which a…

Browse hundreds of other papers published by CTBUH members on a range of multi-disciplinary subjects in the Research Papers Library