Jin Mao Tower Download PDF


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Height: Occupied
348.4 m / 1,143 ft
 
Height: To Tip
420.5 m / 1,380 ft
Height: Architectural
420.5 m / 1,380 ft
 
Jin Mao Tower Outline
Height: Observatory
340.1 m / 1,116 ft
Floors Above Ground
88
Floors Below Ground
3
# of Elevators
61
Top Elevator Speed
9 m/s
Tower GFA
289,500 m² / 3,116,152 ft²
# of Parking Spaces
993

Facts

Official Name Jin Mao Tower
Other Names Jin Mao Building
Structure Type Building
Status Completed
Country China
City Shanghai
Street Address & Map No. 88, Century Avenue, Pudong New Area
Postal Code 200121
Building Function hotel / office
Structural Material composite
Construction Start 1994
Completion 1999
Official Website Jin Mao Building
Rankings Click arrows to view the next taller/shorter buildings
Global Ranking #17 Tallest in the World
Regional Ranking #11 Tallest in Asia
National Ranking #8 Tallest in China
City Ranking #3 Tallest in Shanghai

Companies Involved

Owner/Developer China Jin Mao Group Co. Ltd
Architect
Design Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP
Architect of Record Shanghai Institute of Architectural Design & Research
Structural Engineer
Design Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP
Engineer of Record Shanghai Institute of Architectural Design & Research
MEP Engineer
Design Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP
Main Contractor Shanghai Jin Mao Contractor
Other Consultant
Façade Permasteelisa Group
• Fire Rolf Jensen & Associates
• Lighting Fisher Marantz Stone
• Quantity Surveyor Langdon & Seah
• Vertical Transportation Edgett Williams Consulting Group Inc.
• Wind Alan G. Davenport Wind Engineering Group
• (not specified) AECOM
Material Supplier
• Cladding HALFEN
• Construction Hoists Alimak Hek
• Elevator Mitsubishi Elevator and Escalator
• Paint/Coating AkzoNobel
• Sealants Dow Corning Corporation
• Steel Arbed; Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation

About Jin Mao Tower

The Jin Mao Tower, a mixed-use complex containing offices, convention space and a hotel and in 2013 became the tallest and the longest-operated building in China to receive a LEED-EB: OM (Existing Buildings: Operations + Management) Gold certification. Its high performance has been achieved with the assistance of a computerized energy management system, which has been in place since the building opened, and is integrated with the broader enterprise asset management (EAM) system.

Management tracks a variety of performance metrics, including electricity, water, and natural gas consumption from month to month, and maintains key performance indicators (KPIs) around non-energy metrics, such as preventative maintenance, fixed asset purchases, requests for repairs, complaints, cost analysis and equipment information records. The paperless processing associated with the system also contributes to the building’s low carbon-emission footprint. Beginning in August 2013, to promote indoor air quality (IAQ) the building’s managers began tracking PM 2.5 particulate values in office areas, and broadcasting the results daily on social media.

These performance measurement approaches have been augmented by consulting with the Association of German Engineers, which has helped Jin Mao develop computerized equipment management systems to help maintenance staff optimize the equipment life cycle, quality and cost. A fluid energy metering system measures the flow of water through 89 sensors distributed throughout the building. An electricity metering system remotely and automatically measures electricity consumption of large equipment through a network of 300 sensors, allowing comparison of current and historical energy consumption. Together, these systems provide an objective data foundation for energy-use analysis.

Each month, building managers hold an energy-consumption analysis meeting and clarify energy expenditure of each main equipment category, including water, electricity, and natural gas. The management team actively compares year-on-year and month-to-month consumption statistics, referencing the building automation system’s daily control log, to make informed decisions about where energy-saving strategies should be implemented next. Specific action items are then drawn up for specific people, who take charge of implementing these measures.

CTBUH Initiatives

SuperTEC Visit to CTBUH China Office
17 Jan 2017 – Tour Report

Top Company Rankings: The World’s 100 Tallest Buildings
13 Oct 2016 – CTBUH Research

CITAB-CTBUH Name 2016 China Tall Building Award Recipients
25 Feb 2016 – CTBUH News

More Initiatives

CTBUH Initiatives Related to Jin Mao Tower

SuperTEC Visit to CTBUH China Office
17 Jan 2017, Shanghai – Tour Report
The CTBUH China Office hosted a visit from SuperTEC, a consortium of researchers and practitioners from Korea University and Dankook University in Seoul.
Top Company Rankings: The World’s 100 Tallest Buildings
13 Oct 2016, Chicago – CTBUH Research
The Council is pleased to announce the Top Company Rankings for numerous disciplines as derived from the list of projects appearing in 100 of the World’s Tallest Buildings.
CITAB-CTBUH Name 2016 China Tall Building Award Recipients
25 Feb 2016, Shanghai – CTBUH News
CITAB and CTBUH are pleased to announce the award recipients for the inaugural CITAB-CTBUH 2016 China Tall Building Awards.
Jin Mao Tower Technical Tour Report
19 Sep 2014, Shanghai – Tour Report
The Jin Mao Tower, adjacent to the conference venue, provided ample opportunity for exploring the lobby, office section, top floor, observation deck, refuge floor & the Grand Hyatt.
Jin Mao Technical Tour Report
20 Sep 2012, Shanghai – Tour Report
Standing as an icon of the Shanghai skyline, the Jin Mao tower has been a landmark since its completion in 1999.
China to Dominate Tall Building Development
22 Aug 2012, Chicago – CTBUH Research
Nine of the 20 tallest buildings currently under construction in the world are located in China, which is now leading the way in the development of supertall buildings.
Path to the CTBUH 2012 Shanghai Congress: Beginnings…
Jul 2011, Shanghai – Event Report
CTBUH Leaders recently traveled to China to attend a CTBUH-Tongji University workshop, and begin the planning of the anticipated 9th World Congress Shanghai 2012.
CTBUH Presents at Suzhou Elevator Expo
23 Mar 2011, Suzhou – Event Report
CTBUH Communications Manager Jan Klerks presented on Global Tall Buildings Trends as part of the Expo Trade Fair.
Height: The History of Measuring Tall Buildings
Dec 2009, Chicago – CTBUH News
This article describes some of the events which took place in the Council's long, and sometimes complex, history of measuring tall buildings.
Discovering Asia, from Moscow
23 Apr-2 May 2009, Shanghai – Tour Report
Elena Shuvalova, the CTBUH Country Representative for Russia reports on the 4th Russian Intellectual Business.
CTBUH / Nakheel Asia Tour Report
19-29 Apr 2007, Shanghai – Tour Report
CTBUH collaborated with the Dubai-based developer Nakheel and architects Woods Bagot to facilitate a 5-nation tour of seminal tall buildings in south-east Asia.

Global News

Jin Mao Tower’s New Skywalk Prepares to Open in Shanghai
27 Jul 2016 – A skywalk will soon be opening along the outside…

Videos

Innovations in Building Performance and Resiliency: Pin-Fuse Seismic Systems
3 Nov 2016 – Mark Sarkisian, Skidmore, Owings & Merrill; Rupa Garai, Skidmore, Owings & Merrill

The Evolution of Building Evacuation Design in China
16 Sep 2014 – Fang Li & James Antell, RJA Group

Fazlur Khan Lifetime Achievement Medal: Geotechnics for the World’s Tallest
7 Nov 2013 – Clyde N. Baker, Jr., AECOM

More Videos

Videos Related to Jin Mao Tower

Videos Related to Jin Mao Tower

Innovations in Building Performance and Resiliency: Pin-Fuse Seismic Systems
3 Nov 2016 – CTBUH "15th Annual Awards"; Mark Sarkisian, Skidmore, Owings & Merrill; Rupa Garai, Skidmore, Owings & Merrill
Throughout history, it has been proven time and again that the simplest innovations can often offer the greatest and widest ranging impact. This is certainly the case of…
The Evolution of Building Evacuation Design in China
16 Sep 2014 – Presentation at CTBUH 2014 Shanghai Conference; Fang Li & James Antell, RJA Group
As a result of the events of September 11th and other natural and man-made disasters, building owners, designers and fire officials have become increasingly aware of the…
Fazlur Khan Lifetime Achievement Medal: Geotechnics for the World’s Tallest
7 Nov 2013 – CTBUH "12th Annual Awards"; Clyde N. Baker, Jr., AECOM
Clyde Baker has performed geotechnical engineering for seven of the 16 tallest buildings in the world, and a major portion of the high-rise buildings built in downtown…
Interview: Constructing the Shanghai Tower
20 Sep 2012 – 2012 Shanghai Congress Interviews; Jun Xia, Gensler
Jun Xia of Gensler is interviewed by Jeff Herzer during the 2012 CTBUH Shanghai Congress at the Jin Mao, Shanghai. Jun discusses the design and construction of The…
The Design Process of Complex Architectural Facades
20 Sep 2012 – Presentation at CTBUH 2012 9th World Congress, Shanghai; Bert van de Linde, Technical Director, Permasteelisa Group
Facades form the identity and functionality of high-rise buildings. The “design process” for complex bespoke architectural high-rise facades is an abstract term that in…
Development of Innovative Structures for Supertall and Unique Towers
19 Sep 2012 – Presentation at CTBUH 2012 9th World Congress, Shanghai; Yantong Zhao, Halvorson and Partners
As tall buildings grow to greater heights and strive to incorporate more unique forms, clarity in the development of the structural system at conceptual design is…
From Jin Mao to Kingdom: Search for an Asian Supertall Vernacular
19 Sep 2012 – Presentation at CTBUH 2012 9th World Congress, Shanghai; Adrian Smith, Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture
This presentation presents the evolution of Mr. Smith’s career as a designer of supertall buildings, from Shanghai’s Jin Mao Tower, completed in 1999, to Kingdom Tower,…
Interview: Creating Spaces
19 Sep 2012 – 2012 Shanghai Congress Interviews; Gordon Gill, Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture
Gordon Gill of Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture is interviewed by Jeff Herzer during the 2012 CTBUH Shanghai Congress at the Jin Mao, Shanghai. Gordon shares the…
Interview: Kingdom Tower
19 Sep 2012 – 2012 Shanghai Congress Interviews; Adrian Smith, Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture
Adrian Smith of Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture is interviewed by Jeff Herzer during the 2012 CTBUH Shanghai Congress at the Jin Mao, Shanghai. Adrian discusses…
Interview: Marketing of Tall Buildings
19 Sep 2012 – 2012 Shanghai Congress Interviews; William Murray, Wordsearch
William Murray of Wordsearch is interviewed by Jeff Herzer during the 2012 CTBUH Shanghai Congress at the Jin Mao, Shanghai. William discusses the marketing of tall…
Interview: The Growth of China
19 Sep 2012 – 2012 Shanghai Congress Interviews; John Portman, John Portman & Associates
John C. Portman, III of John Portman & Associates is interviewed by Jeff Herzer during the 2012 CTBUH Shanghai Congress at the Jin Mao, Shanghai. John explains Portman's…
Interview: Jin Mao Tower
18 Sep 2012 – 2012 Shanghai Congress Interviews; William Baker, SOM
William Baker of SOM is interviewed by Jeff Herzer during the 2012 CTBUH Shanghai Congress at the Jin Mao, Shanghai. William discusses the Jin Mao Building and it's place…
Lynn S. Beedle Lifetime Achievement Award: 40 Years of Designing the Supertall
3 Nov 2011 – CTBUH "10th Annual Awards"; Adrian Smith, Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture
As one of the world’s foremost experts on supertall buildings, Adrian has contributed greatly to the development of this highly specialized building type. Adrian will…

Browse hundreds of other videos from Council events including conferences and interviews with prominent tall building professionals in the Video Library

Research Papers

SOM and China: Evolving Skyscraper Design Amid Rapid Urban Growth
Oct 2016 – CTBUH Journal, 2016 Issue IV

Context, Climate, Culture – Investigating Place in Tall Building Design
26 Oct 2015 – Context, Climate, Culture – Investigating Place in Tall Building Design

The Evolution of Building Evacuation Design in China
16 Sep 2014 – CTBUH 2014 Shanghai Conference Proceedings

More Papers

Papers Related to Jin Mao Tower

Papers Related to Jin Mao Tower

SOM and China: Evolving Skyscraper Design Amid Rapid Urban Growth
Oct 2016 – CTBUH Journal, 2016 Issue IV; Scott Duncan & Yue Zhu, SOM
China’s rapid urban and economic growth has challenged designers, engineers, and planners to innovate and collaborate to meet the needs of a changing country. Skidmore,…
Context, Climate, Culture – Investigating Place in Tall Building Design
26 Oct 2015 – Context, Climate, Culture – Investigating Place in Tall Building Design; Robert Goodwin, Perkins + Will
Should a tower in Moscow look like one in Dubai? Once one entered a city and marveled at the unique magic of its architecture – the pastel classicism of St. Petersburg;…
The Evolution of Building Evacuation Design in China
16 Sep 2014 – CTBUH 2014 Shanghai Conference Proceedings; Fang Li, James Antell & Martin Reiss, RJA Group
As a result of the events of September 11th and other natural and man-made disasters, building owners, designers and fire officials have become increasingly aware of the…
20 Years of High-Rise Fire Safety: From Jin Mao to Kingdom Tower
Sep 2012 – CTBUH 2012 9th World Congress, Shanghai; James H. Antell, RJA; Peter A. Weismantle, Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture
This paper will discuss the evolution of fire safety concepts in the recent generation of high rise buildings starting with “early” 1990’s designs in China and trace the…
From Jin Mao to Kingdom: Search for an Asian Supertall Vernacular
Sep 2012 – CTBUH 2012 9th World Congress, Shanghai; Adrian Smith, Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture
The paper traces the evolution of Mr. Smith’s career as a designer of supertall buildings, the Jin Mao Tower (1999) to Kingdom Tower, to be the world’s tallest building…
Structural Design of Reinforced Concrete Tall Buildings
Feb 2010 – CTBUH Journal, 2010 Issue I; Ali Sherif S. Rizk, Dar Al-Handasah Consultants
During the last 12 years the Structural Engineering Department at Dar Al-Handasah has designed 45 mixed-use tall buildings in different Arab countries. The designed…
Performance-Based Evaluation for the 450m Nanjing Greenland Financial Center Main Tower
May 2009 – CTBUH Journal, 2009 Issue II; Charles M. Besjak, Brian J. McElhatten & Preetam Biswas, SOM
In order to obtain seismic review approval for the Nanjing State-Owned Assets & Greenland Financial Center's Main Tower, one of the tallest structures in the world to…
Jin Mao Tower’s Influence on China’s New Innovative Tall Buildings
May 2006 – 2006 International Seminar of Design and Construction Technologies of Super High-Rise Buildings; Mark Sarkisian, Neville Mathias, Eric Long & Aaron Mazeika, SOM
The 56 story, 232 m tall Jinao Tower in Nanjing, China, is a next-generation tower which maximizes performance, efficiency, and occupant experience. Its faceted form is…
Design and Construction of the Jin Mao Tower's Mat Foundation
Jul 1998 – Structural Engineering World Congress 1998; Mark Sarkisian, Stan Korista & Ahmad Abdelrazaq, SOM
Looking from the Yangtze River toward the new Shanghai skyline, you cannot help noticing the ever changing color of the ultra-tall Jin Mao Tower with the movement of the…
Jin Mao Tower's Unique Structural System
Jan 1995 – 1995 Shanghai International Seminar; Mark Sarkisian, Stan Korista & Ahmad Abdelrazaq, SOM
The composite structural system for the Jin Mao Tower was designed to resist typhoon winds and earthquake forces and accommodate poor soil conditions while providing a…

Browse hundreds of other papers published by CTBUH members on a range of multi-disciplinary subjects in the Research Papers Library

CTBUH Awards

Performance Award 2014 Finalist
CTBUH Awards 2014