KK100 Download PDF


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Height: Occupied
427.1 m / 1,401 ft
 
Height: To Tip
441.8 m / 1,449 ft
Height: Architectural
441.8 m / 1,449 ft
 
KK100 Outline
Height: Observatory
427.1 m / 1,401 ft
Floors Above Ground
100
Floors Below Ground
4
# of Elevators
66
Top Elevator Speed
9 m/s
Tower GFA
220,000 m² / 2,368,060 ft²
Development GFA
417,000 m² / 4,488,551 ft²
# of Hotel Rooms
249
# of Parking Spaces
2,000

Facts

Official Name KK100
Other Names KK100 Development, Kingkey 100, Kingkey Finance Center Plaza, Kingkey Finance Tower
Structure Type Building
Status Completed
Country China
City Shenzhen
Street Address & Map 5016 Shennan East Road
Building Functions hotel / office
Structural Material composite
Energy Label LEED Gold
Proposed 2004
Construction Start 2007
Completion 2011
Rankings Click arrows to view the next taller/shorter buildings
Global Ranking #11 Tallest in the World
Regional Ranking #7 Tallest in Asia
National Ranking #4 Tallest in China
City Ranking #1 Tallest in Shenzhen

Companies Involved

Owner/Developer Shenzhen Kingkey Real Estate Development Co. Ltd
Architect
Design TFP Farrells
Architect of Record Huasen Architectural & Engineering Designing Consultants Ltd.
Structural Engineer
Design Arup; RBS Architectural Engineering Design Associates
MEP Engineer
Design Arup
Main Contractor China Construction Fourth Engineering Division Corp. Ltd.
Other Consultant
• Interiors Laguarda.Low Architects
Material Supplier
• Sealants Dow Corning Corporation

About KK100

The KK100 development lies between the border of Shenzhen’s business and residential districts in a densely developed area. To facilitate more sustainable development for the fast-growing city, the mixed-use tower was designed to be a hub for transit, provide amenities to the area, and provide an occupant density that would help to reduce urban sprawl and reliance on transportation.

As part of a greater master plan, the site was arranged to include a podium with retail and connections to public transportation, with the tower placed at the southwest end of the site to draw on the views of the city and neighboring Lizhi Park. The site formerly held a residential quarter with poor living conditions. To mitigate the effects of the development on the former residents, a joint initiative was formed which made them stakeholders in the new buildings and maintained the existing community.

The large podium was designed with a response to the site’s foot traffic and context, providing entrances appropriate to the scale and density of the area. A future residential complex will connect to this podium, as well as the tower, to create an integrated development to serve all the needs of its occupants. The main entrance to the tower takes the building skin and pulls it into an inviting curvilinear canopy, funneling in residents and workers.

The tower’s curving form was intended to allude to a fountain of water, symbolizing the wealth and prosperity of the city of Shenzhen. The base of the tower connects to the lower-level programs as well as to the urban fabric at the pedestrian scale. The curved north and south façades are oriented to Hong Kong and the Maipo marshes, while the slender east and west façades taper to the curved apex of the tower, providing less area for morning and evening solar gain.

Levels 4–72 of the building comprise office space, with slightly different floor plates between adjacent levels due to the curve of the tower. The floor-to-floor height is a generous four meters, allowing a maximum of daylight penetration into the work spaces. The layout of the office spaces was generated to provide a great deal of flexibility to meet the needs of various tenants.

Levels 75–95 house the St. Regis Hotel and its own conference and meeting facilities. Hotel visitors arrive at the sky garden lobby on the 94th floor, which opens into a large, open atrium and garden at the top of the building. This level accommodates several fine-dining options as well as panoramic views of the city surrounding the tower. The atrium stretches 16 stories below the sky garden, housing lifts to reach guest rooms and bringing natural light into the core of the hotel section of the tower.

The building aims to be a sustainable example for the city, employing various approaches to create a “green” development. In addition to the building form’s response to the local climate, a free-cooling system was used, as well as a highly developed envelope to improve the performance of the building. Vertical and horizontal fins were employed on the façade to reduce glare and solar gain, increasing the comfort of the inhabitants. Overall, the complex hopes to reduce demands on infrastructure by providing a place where people can work and live, eliminating needs for transit between these uses.

CTBUH Initiatives

Shenzhen Regional Tour Report
20 Sep 2014 – Tour Report

Hong Kong & Shenzhen Tour Report: Touring Two Tall Cities
21-22 Sep 2012 – Tour Report

CTBUH Releases Year in Review: Tall Trends of 2011
Dec 2011 – CTBUH Journal Paper

More Initiatives

CTBUH Initiatives Related to KK100

Shenzhen Regional Tour Report
20 Sep 2014, Shenzhen – Tour Report
In Shenzhen attendees toured the sky lobby of Ping An Finance Center. Attendees enjoyed a traditional Chinese lunch at the Four Seasons Hotel before continuing to KK100.
Hong Kong & Shenzhen Tour Report
21-22 Sep 2012, Hong Kong – Tour Report
Delegates from the Congress flew to Hong Kong to visit one of the tallest cities in the world. The second day included a side trip to Shenzhen, including a private tour of KK100.
CTBUH Releases Year in Review: Tall Trends of 2011
Dec 2011 – CTBUH Journal Paper
The annual story is becoming a familiar one: 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, and now 2011 have each sequentially broke the record for the most 200 meter or higher buildings completed in a given year. Once…
A Private View: CTBUH Tour of KK100 Tower
6 Dec 2011, Shenzhen – Tour Report
CTBUH held an exclusive insight and tour of the recently completed 442 meter Kingkey 100 Tower, hosted by the CTBUH Hong Kong Representative, Stefan Krummeck.

Videos

Interview: Integration of Tall Buildings
10 Jun 2013 – Sir Terry Farrell, Farrells

Session 10: Developing High-Rise Living in the European Context
10 Jun 2013 – Angela Brady, Harry Handelsman, John Mizon & Paul Monaghan

Session 6: The Urban and Public Realm
10 Jun 2013 – Sir Stuart Lipton, Sir Terry Farrell, Lee Polisano & Graham Stirk

Research Papers

Tall Buildings in Numbers: The Tallest 15 Cities in China
Sep 2012 – CTBUH Journal, 2012 Issue III

Urban Models for the 21st Century
Sep 2012 – CTBUH 2012 9th World Congress, Shanghai

Year in Review: Tall Trends of 2011
Dec 2011 – CTBUH Journal, 2012 Issue I